Hürrem Haseki Sultan was the wife and haseki sultan of Suleiman the Magnificent and mother of Sehzade Mehmed, Mihrimah Sultan,Selim II, Sehzade Beyazit and Sehzade Cihangir.

After Suleiman the Magnificent, her son Selim II ascend the throne and managed the Ottoman Empire from 7th of September 1566 to 15 December 1574 (8 years.)

Hurrem Ring
Hurrem Ring

She was known mainly as Haseki Hurrem Sultan or Hurrem “balsaq” Haseki Sultan; in European languages as Roxolena, transliterated as “Roksolana” Roxolana, Roxelane, Rossa, Ruzica; in Turkish as Hürrem (from Persian: خرم‎ Khurram, “the cheerful one”); and in Arabic as Arabic: كريمة‎Karima, “the noble one”. “Roxelana” or “Roksolana” might be not a proper name but a nickname, referring to her Ukrainian heritage (cf. the common contemporary name “Ruslana”); “Roxolany” or “Roxelany” was one of the names of Ukrainians, East Slavs, inhabitants of the present Ukraine, up to the 15th century. Thus her name would literally mean “The Ruthenian One”.

Harem Al Sultan Collection

According to late-16th-century and early-17th-century sources, such as the Polish poet Samuel Twardowski, who researched the subject in Turkey, Hürrem was seemingly born to a father who was a Ruthenian Orthodox priest. She was born in the town of Rohatyń, 68 km southeast of Lviv, a major city of the Ruthenian Voivodeship in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (today in western Ukraine).[5] In the 1520s, she was captured byCrimean Tatars during one of their frequent raids into this region and taken as a slave, probably first to the Crimean city of Kaffa, a major centre of theslave trade, then to Istanbul, and was selected for Süleyman’s harem.

hurrem-ring

She quickly came to the attention of her master, and attracted the jealousy of her rivals. One day Suleiman’s favorite, Mahidevran (also called Gülbahar, gül meaning “rose” and bahar meaning “spring”), got into a fight with Hürrem and beat her badly. Upset by this, Suleiman banished Mahidevran to the provincial capital of Manisa, together with her son, the heir apparent Mustafa. This exile was shown officially as the traditional training of heir apparents, Sancak Beyliği. Thereafter, Hürrem became Suleiman’s unrivalled favorite or haseki. Many years later, because of a fear of rebellion, the Sultan ordered Mustafa to be strangled. After the death of her son, Gulbahar lost her state in the palace (as being the mother of the heir apparent) and moved to Bursa.

French writer and historian Fontenelle mentions in his Dialogues of the dead the way Roxelane obtained marriage: she first asked to be instructed in the Muslim religion, to which Suleiman saw no objection. Once instructed, she told him she wished to convert, which made him happy, and he decided to free her. However, just after her conversion ceremony, she told him that her new religion would not allow her to have sexual relationship with a man she was not married to. According to Fontenelle’s sources, Suleiman resisted three days, then married her.

Hürrem’s influence over the Sultan soon became legendary. She was to bear 5 of Suleiman fourteen children and in an astonishing break with tradition, she was eventually freed and became his legal wife, making Suleiman the first Ottoman emperor to have a wed wife since Orhan Gazi. This strengthened her position in the palace and eventually led to one of her sons, Selim, inheriting the empire. Hürrem also may have acted as Suleiman’s advisor on matters of state, and seems to have had an influence upon foreign affairs and international politics. Two of her letters to King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland have been preserved, and during her lifetime, the Ottoman Empire generally had peaceful relations with the Polish state within a Polish-Ottoman alliance. Some historians also believe that she may have intervened with her husband to control Crimean Tatar slave-raiding in her native land.

ring

Aside from her political concerns, Hürrem engaged in several major works of public buildings, from Mecca to Jerusalem, perhaps modeling her charitable foundations in part after the caliph Harun al-Rashid’s consort Zubaida. Among her first foundations were a mosque, two Koranic schools (madrassa), a fountain, and a women’s hospital near the women’s slave market (Avret Pazary) in Constantinople. She commissioned a bath, the Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı, to serve the community of worshippers in the nearby Hagia Sophia. In Jerusalem she established in 1552 the Hasseki Sultan Imaret, a public soup kitchen to feed the poor and the needy.

As well, some of her embroidery, or at least that done under her supervision, has survived, examples being given in 1547 to Tahmasp I, the Shah of Iran, and in 1549 to King Sigismund II Augustus.

Esther Handali acted as her secretary and intermediary on several occasions.

Hürrem died on 15 April 1558 and was buried in a domed mausoleum (türbe) decorated in exquisite Iznik tiles depicting the garden of paradise, perhaps in homage to her smiling and joyful nature. Her mausoleum is adjacent to Suleiman’s, a separate and more somber domed structure, at theSüleymaniye Mosque.

Hürrem Haseki Sultan, or Roxelana, as she is better known in Europe, is well-known both in modern Turkey and in the West, and is the subject of many artistic works. She has inspired paintings, musical works (including Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 63), an opera by Denys Sichynsky, a ballet, plays, and several novels written mainly in Ukrainian, but also in English, French, and German.

In 2007, Muslims in Mariupol, a port city in Ukraine, opened a mosque to honor Roxelana.

In the TV series Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Hürrem Sultan is played by Turkish actress Meryem Uzerli.

complete-hurrem-set1
Buy Online 925 Silver Hurrem Set

 


من هي السلطانة هوريم , روكسانا, السلطانة هيام

 السلطانة هوريم زوجة السلطان سليمان العظيم والدة شاهزاده محمد,سلطان ميريمة ,سليم الثاني, شاهزاده بيازيد و جيهانجير.

بعد سليمان العظيم ولده استلم حكمه للإمبراطورية العثمانية من السابع ايلول 1566 حتى خامس عشر تشرين الأول 1574
كانت معروفة السلطانة هوريم هسكي أو السلطانة بلسق باللغة الاوروبية عرفت ب روكسلينا , روزا وباللغة التركية هوريم (من الفارسية خرم : المفرحة ) وبالعربية الكريمة .روكسلينا ربما ليس بالإسم اللائق ولكن يرجع لتراثها الأوكراني( حيث الأسم المعاصر هو : روسلانا). روكسولاني إسم أحد العبيد الشرقيين الأوكرانيين , الذين عاشو حتى القرن الخامس عشر .

أواخر القرن السادس عشر و أوائل السابع عشر مصادر كالشاعر البولندي سامويل تورديسكي الذي قام ببحث في تركيا, أن هوريم يبدو أنها ولدت من أب كان كاهن أورتودسكي في قرية روهاتين 68كيلومتر جنوب شرق ليفيف مدينة كبيرة من اقليم الروثنيين في مملكة بولندا ( أوكرانيا الشرقية حاليا). 1520 أمسك بها التاتار في حملاتهم المستمرة في ذلك الوقت على المنطقة واسرت كعبدة في مدينة كريمين التابعه لكافا المقر الرئيسي لتجارة العبيد ومن ثم الى اسطنبول و اختيرت لمقر نساء سليمان.

أعارت فورا انتباه سيدها وجذبت غيرت منافيسيها. في أحد أيام (مهيدفران) المفضلة لدى سليمان تشاجرت مع هوريم وضربتها بشكل سيئ. مما جعل سليمان يعاقب مهيدفران ويرسلها مع أبنها مصطفى ولي العهد الى (ولاية مانيسا ) بذلك أصبحت هوريم المفضلة من غير منازع لدى سليمان. بعد عدة سنوات خوفا من الإنقلاب أعدم شنقا مصطفى. بعد موت أبنها (جولبهار) أو مهيدفران خسرت موقعها كوالدة ولي العهد ورحلت الى بورصة.

الكاتب الفرنسي والمؤرخ فونتيلي ذكر كتاب(حوارات الموتى)طريقة زواج روكسيلينا:أولا طلبت تعريفها بدين الإسلام, وسليمان لم يعترض . فور معرفتها بتعاليم الدين طلبت أن تعتنق الإسلام الذي أسعده وقرر ان يعتقها. ولكن بعد مراسم اعتناق الدين الإسلامي أخبرته أن دينها الجديد لا يسمح لها أن تقوم بممارسة الجنس مع رجل ليس زوجها. حسب فونتيلي , سليمان قاوم ثلاث أيام ثم تزوجها.

تأثير هوريم على السلطان أصبح إسطوري بعد أن أصبحت أم لخمسة من أولاده الأربعة عشر, وتغير مذهل للعادات.في النهاية حررت واصبحت زوجته الشرعية بذلك جعلت من سليمان اول إمبراطور عثماني يتزوج منذ (أورهان غازي).

قوى من مركزها في القصر و من أحد أولادها سليم ليرث الإمبراطورية. هوريم يعتقد أنها قامت بدور المستشارة في أمور الحكم وبدى أن لها تأثير على العلاقات الخارجية والدولية السياسية. إثنان من رسائلها لملك بولندا (سيجيسموند الثاني) تم حفظهما. وخلال حياتها الإمبراطورية العثمانية كانت على ود مع الدولة البولندية من خلال التحالف البولندي-العثماني. بعض المؤرخين يعتقدوا أنها تدخلت بأمور (كريمين)  غارات التاتار لجمع العبيد في بلدها الأم.

على حدى من مساعيها السياسية ,هوريم كان لها عدة أعمال أساسية في الإعمار العام من مكة الى القدس وربما اعادة ديكور مؤسستها الخيرية بعد عهد زبيدة زوجة هارون الرشيد.من أعمالها الإعمارية كان  جامع,مدرستين, مؤسسة,مشفى نسائية بالقرب من سوق النساء العبيد في القسطنطينية . أمرت بإقامة حمام(حمام السلطانة هوريم ) لخدمة المجتمع  بالقرب من حجية صوفية. في القدس  أنشئت 1552 إمارة ومطبخ لإطعام العامة الفقيرة والمحتاجة.

وأيضا بعض من مقتنياتها المطرزة التي أشرفت عليهم وما تبقى منهم أعطو في 1547 ل (تهمساب الأول) شاه ايران , و في 1549 للملك (سيجيسموند الثاني) . ايستر كانت أمينة سرها و وسيطتها في عدة مناسبات.

توفت هوريم في 15 نيسان 1558 ودفنت في مقبرة(موسوليم) المزينة ببالبلاط الإزنيقية المصور لحديقة الجنة, ربما إجلالا لغبتسامتها وطبيعتها المرحة. إن مقبرتها على مقربة من مقبرة سليمان، هيكل القبة منفصل وأكثر قتامة في جامع السليمانية.

السلطانة هيسكي هوريم أو روكسيلينا كما عرفت في أوروبا, معروفه بتركيا الحديثة و الغرب على أنها موضوع أعمال فنية كثيرة. ألهمت رساميين و موسيقيين ( من ضمنهم سمفونية جوزيف هايدين 63) (اوبرا دينيس سيكينسكي) باليه, مسرحية وعدة روايات كتبو في أوكرانيا, وبالانكليزية ,الفرنسية و الألمانيا.

في 2007 في ماريوبول مدينة في أوكرانيا افتتح جامع لتكريم (روكسيلينا).

في التلفاز مسلسل القرن الرائع, هوريم السلطانة لعبت دورها الممثلة التركية مريم أوزيرلي.

 

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23 thoughts on “Who is Hurrem Sultan, Roxelana, Hoyam Sultana

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      È una bella storia della sultana Hurrem ❤️e della sua voglia di fare e protettrice della sua famiglia e del suo amato Sultano❤️

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